What is Cyber Security Audit?
A cybersecurity audit is a systematic examination of an organisation’s information systems, processes, and policies to assess the cyber security measures. The goal of a cyber security audit is to identify vulnerabilities, assess compliance with security standards, and ensure that protective measures are in place to safeguard against cyber threats.
What is audited in a typical cyber security audit?
Network Security Measures
Examination of the organisation’s network infrastructure to identify and address vulnerabilities. This typically includes assessing firewalls, intrusion detection/prevention systems, and any other network security controls.
Endpoint Security Measures
Access Control Measures
Review of user access privileges to ensure that only authorised individuals have access to sensitive systems and data. This involves examining user account management, password policies, and access logs.
Data Protection Measures
Assessment of measures in place to protect sensitive data, both in transit and at rest. This includes encryption protocols, data backup processes, and data storage security.
Incident Response Plans
Evaluation of the organisation’s readiness and capabilities to respond to cybersecurity incidents. This involves reviewing Disaster Recovery Plans, Business Continuity measures and communication strategies, and the most importantly, the effectiveness of response procedures.
Security Policies and Procedures
Examination of the organisation’s cybersecurity policies and procedures to ensure they are comprehensive, up-to-date, and aligned with industry best practices and regulatory requirements.
Levels of Compliance
Assessment of the organisation’s adherence to relevant cybersecurity standards and regulations. This may include industry-specific compliance requirements and legal obligations.
Current Levels of Employee Training
Evaluation of the cybersecurity awareness and training programs in place for employees. Ensuring that staff is educated about cybersecurity best practices is critical to preventing human-related vulnerabilities.
A cybersecurity audit aims to provide an organisation with a comprehensive understanding of its cyber security posture, identify areas of improvement, and mitigate potential risks to protect against evolving cyber threats.
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